It is understandable that you may have concerns about any procedure your gynecologist recommends. Sometimes further evaluation of a gynae issue is necessary, so your doctor may recommend that you have a procedure or surgery. Learning as much as you can is a good idea, but it's also important to have a good conversation with your doctor. Ask her any questions you may have and don't forget to tell her if you may be pregnant.
These procedures can be:
The following are common Gynaecological procedures and surgeries that Dr. Shweta Mishra performs:
The following are common Gynaecological procedures and surgeries that Dr. Shweta Mishra perform:
Cervical Biopsy : A cervical biopsy is performed to evaluate abnormal cervical tissue found during a Pap test or colposcopy.
Endocervical Curettage (ECC) : This procedure is frequently done in conjunction with a cervical biopsy. It involves taking a sample of the tissue just past the opening of the cervix as a precaution against missing any abnormal tissue.
Endometrial or Uterine Biopsy : This test, done to obtain a sample of the endometrial lining of the uterus, may be used to investigate abnormal menses (heavy bleeding, bleeding between periods, post-menopausal bleeding), infertility, and chronic infections. It is useful in detecting uterine polyps,uterine fibroids, uterine cancer, and adenomyosis.
Adhesiolysis : This is also called lysis of adhesions. Cutting of adhesions (scar tissue).
Prolapse surgeries : If your symptoms are severe and nonsurgical treatments haven’t helped, you may want to consider surgery. There are two types of prolapse surgery: obliterative and reconstructive.
Obliterative surgery : narrows or closes off part or all of the vagina.
Reconstructive surgery : aims to repair the pelvic floor and return organs to their original position. There are a number of reconstructive surgeries your doctor can perform to restore the appearance and function of your pelvic organs. They include:
Hysterectomy : This procedure is removal of the uterus. It can be:
The Fallopian tubes and ovaries may also be removed at the time of hysterectomy. When the ovaries are also removed, a hysterectomy can relieve the pain of endometriosis. A hysterectomy may be done through open abdominal surgery, laparoscopic surgery, or hysteroscopic surgery.
Myomectomy : This procedure is done to remove uterine fibroids without hysterectomy for women who wish to become pregnant or do not want to lose their uterus. Myomectomies may be performed through conventional open abdominal surgery, with laparoscopic techniques or hysteroscopically, depending on the location of the fibroids.
Oophorectomy : Oophorectomy is the surgical removal of one ovary, both ovaries or a part of an ovary. It is performed to treat ovarian cancer, pelvic inflammatory disease and endometriosis or remove cysts or abscess. It may also be done to remove the main source of estrogens that stimulate the growth of some breast cancers. If one ovary is removed, a woman may continue to menstruate and have children. If both ovaries are removed, menstruation stops and a woman loses the ability to bear children.
Tubal Surgeries :
Dilation and Curettage (D&C)During a D&C procedure, the cervix is dilated (widened) to allow the insertion of an instrument called a curette into the uterus. The curette is used to scrape lining of the uterus (endometrium) and collect the tissue from inside the uterus. It may be performed to remove tissue for diagnostic examination, to remove small tumors or to treat abnormal uterine bleeding. A D&C may also be performed to remove remaining material after an incomplete miscarriage or abortion. This is called an aspiration or suction D&C and removes tissue from the uterus with a vacuum device.
HysteroscopyThis procedure is done to look for uterine abnormalities. A thin, telescope-like instrument (a fiberoptic endoscope called a hysteroscope) is inserted through the vagina and cervix into the uterus. If an abnormality is detected during a diagnostic procedure, a surgical procedure can often be performed immediately by substituting a surgical hysterosope (one that allows operating instruments to be inserted through it to the uterus). Surgical procedures may include:
LaparoscopyThis procedure is done to examine and treat abdominal and pelvic organs through a small surgical viewing instrument (laparoscope) inserted into the abdomen at the navel. Depending on your condition doctor may also take tissue samples, remove scar tissue, repair your uterus, or remove your ovaries.
Disclaimer: The content on this website is only intended for educational purposes and to create knowledge amongst masses about women's health and obstetrics & gynaecology. Hence, no information issued on this website shall be treated as an alternative to consultation from a certified obstetrician & gynaecologist. The results can vary from women to women depending on their specific health conditions.